Costa Rica has a large variety of rainforest animals, due to the fact that it is located between 2 large continental territories: North America and South America. A lot of the animals from these 2 big territories where able to cross from North America to South America when Costa Rica and Panama formed a bridge between the 2 about 4 million years ago.
Among the many species of rainforest animals found in Costa Rica are howler monkeys, white faced capuchin monkeys, spider monkeys, squirrel monkeys, 2 toed sloths, 3 toed sloths, toucans, scarlet macaws, jaguars, ocelots, margays, crocodiles, several species of frogs, snakes, white tail deer, squirrels, tapirs, thousands of species of insects (300,000 approx.) and hundreds of species of birds, among others.
Costa Rica is considered to be one of the most biologically intense countries in the world, hosting 5% approx. of the world’s biodiversity and some of the rainforest animals found on this small territory are endemic, meaning that they can’t be found anywhere else in the world.
All of these rainforest animals are well protected in Costa Rica; first because sport hunting is prohibited in the country; and also because a 34% of the country’s territory is dedicated to conservation, as national parks (28 of them), biological reserves (8 of them) and several private reserves that contribute to the efforts of conservation.
Due to the extensive conservation efforts, the populations of several of these rainforest animals species are growing rapidly, making of Costa Rica one of the best places in the world for the . Due to this, the tourism industry has grown very fast, making Costa Rica one of the best spots worldwide for ecotourism.